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CAS alumni Doug Donovan (left), Class of 1993, and Lloyd Fox, Class of 1988, were on a team of "Baltimore Sun" journalists who received a 2020 Pulitzer Prize.
worldview has long embraced two beliefs: Power tends to corrupt, and
absolute power corrupts absolutely. Powerful stories must therefore
comfort the afflicted, and afflict the comfortable.
Theyre clich?? battle cries, Doug Donovan acknowledges. Yet they
capture the spirit of the stories that have defined the 30-year career
of this University of Delaware alumnus, ultimately earning him this
years Pulitzer Prize in Local Reportingalmost six months after he left the profession.
The May 4 honor was shared with photographer and fellow Blue Hen Lloyd Fox and their Baltimore Sun
colleagues for a series that uncovered the Healthy Holly
book-publishing scheme, in which Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh grossed
more than $850,000 from no-bid contracts and book sales, ending with her
3-year sentence in federal prison.
As with many of the articles Donovan and Fox have produced over the
years, the impact is in the storys aftermathin the policies, programs
and behaviors that are changed as new facts and information come to
Move this whole section up, swapping places with the section above it.
Donovan and his children, Colin, 7, Casey, 12, and Perry, 15, toast the Pulitzer with sparkling cider.
Still, Donovan worries.
With fewer local papers and fewer local reporters, the more people
can get away with, he says. Its a worrisome sign for democracy.
Even Donovan has left the field, joining Johns Hopkins University
just in time to become the public relations point person for its
influential COVID-19 tracking map.
(Its weird being quoted as a spokesperson, he says, but I get a
similar satisfaction from highlighting work people can benefit from.)
Such meaningful work often begins with a story.
Fox was there to capture Pughs excitement when she won the mayoral
election in 2016, just as he was waiting outside the courtroom three
years later, taking her photo as she emerged with her head hung low.
Youre able to freeze a moment in time, Fox says of
photojournalisms power. That is what I enjoy mosttelling a story
while being creative and different.
Donovan, meanwhile, has been dubbed
the mayor slayer for his reporting. Before Pughs downfall, he
uncovered the missteps of Baltimore Mayor Sheila Dixon, found guilty in
2009 of misappropriating gift cards meant for the poor.
But his proudest accomplishments reach beyond power politics: One was the story about group homes for disabled foster children that resulted in the closure of the problem home and led to statewide reforms. It was his investigations that helped keep the Preakness horse race in Baltimore, and he helped change rental housing legislation by showing that judges routinely favored landlords over low-income renters.
All reporting is investigative if you do it right, he says.
Its a lesson he first learned at UD.
As a UD student, Fox was named Northeastern All-American Photographer of the Year for this Dover Air Force Base image.
Donovan can still hear the voices of former professors Dennis Jackson, Kevin Kerrane and the late Bill Fleishman, Harris Ross and Chuck Stone.
Youre not there as a stenographer, they would tell the 1993 graduate.
Their example inspires him still.
All the time they put in after hours on how to do the job, how to get betterit made you feel like you could do this thing.
And so he did, becoming editor-in-chief of the independent student paper The Review,
interviewing Bill Clinton at an Arkansas McDonalds on the eve of the
1992 presidential election, and using the newspaper as a forum to
address authority in a way I never thought I could.
UD is also where Fox honed his professional passions.
An art major with a photography concentration, he, too, applied to work at The Review
and was soon named All-American photographer and the Northeastern
Photographer of the Year. His winning images ranged from the amusing (a
Greek Week tug-of-war battle) to the heartbreaking (the remains of the Challenger astronauts arriving at Dover Air Force Base).
The letter said, Congrats, youre
a winner, Fox recalls. So I started reading from the bottomand found
my name right at the top.
After graduating in 1988, he spent two years freelancing before joining The Sun in 1990, always trying to find interesting angles and different perspectives.
Its a literal goalFox climbs up high, lies low on the ground, all
in search of a unique image, something that makes a person look twice.
But his approach to photography could be said for journalism itself.
You have to look at every single angleas a story, as a picture,
Fox says. Sometimes people look in one direction, so thats all they
Donovan appreciates that oblique approach.
Dont ever make assumptions, or youll become blind to other facts,
he says. A good journalist is honest, responsible and fair. If youre
not, you wont last long. You also have to get out from behind the desk.
Meet people face-to-face. It gets you closer to the real truth.
To be a good journalist
is to know the rules inside and out so that you can know when theyre
being broken, Donovan adds. You need to know more about how the people
in power are supposed to operate than those people themselves. The
government agencies that are supposed to enforce the rules dont always
do, usually because theyre understaffed.
And thats both the promise and peril of journalism. As staffs get smaller, the job gets harder.
If you get the facts right, they can be up for interpretation, says
Donovan. But people just get selected facts now. We pick and choose
what we want to see.
Its not unlike the story of Catherine Pugh.
Looking back on the Pulitzer Prize-winning piece, Donovan and Fox both marvel at the absence of political oversight.
What was most interesting to me was just how many organizations saw nothing wrong, Donovan says.
The University of Maryland Medical System paid $500,000 for Pughs
books while she was a trustee; insurer Kaiser Permanente paid more than
$100,000 for the books while seeking a $48 million medical contract; and
from 2011-2016, Pugh cosponsored more than 40 bills affecting doctors,
hospitals and insurance companies, all while failing to disclose the
payments she received or recusing herself from votes and decisions
involving the medical system.
This is why we do what we do, says Fox. The system requires checks and balances.
Article by Artika Rangan Casini
Published May 27, 2020